We have a 16.8% interest in the offshore Kashagan field, where the North Caspian Operating Company is the operator. This shallow-water field covers an area of approximately 3,400 square kilometres. Phase 1 development of the field is expected to lead to plateau production of about 300 thousand boe/d, on a 100% basis, increasing further with additional phases of development. After the start of production from the Kashagan field in September 2013, operations had to be stopped in October 2013 due to gas leaks from the sour gas pipeline. Following investigations, it has been decided that both the oil and the gas pipeline will be replaced. Replacement activities are ongoing, with production expected to restart in 2017.
We have an interest of 55% in the Pearls PSC, covering an area of approximately 900 square kilometres in the Kazakh sector of the Caspian Sea. It includes two oil discoveries, Auezov and Khazar.