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4,474 Employees

  • Third-party revenues


  • Related-party revenues


  • Total revenues


  • Profit before tax


  • Tax paid


  • Tax accrued


  • Tangible assets


  • Stated capital


  • Accumulated earnings


Main business activities

  • Upstream
  • Integrated Gas
  • Downstream
  • Trading and Supply
  • Other support activities

Shell’s footprint

Shell has been present in Malaysia since 1891 and is present in the upstream and downstream sectors. Shell has a number of production-sharing contracts (PSCs) for oil and gas production offshore Sarawak and Sabah. Downstream operates around 970 retail sites in the country. Shell MDS (Malaysia) Sendirian Berhad (Shell MDS) converts natural gas into gas-to-liquids products. Shell MDS produces a wide range of high-quality waxes, speciality chemicals and transport fuels, which are marketed to more than 50 countries.

Country financial analysis

Shell pays corporate income tax at the rate of 24% for downstream entities and petroleum income tax of 38% for upstream entities. Shell uses tax incentives offered by Malaysia. Some PSCs meet the criteria for the Investment Tax Allowance (ITA) incentive for qualifying capital expenditure incurred. In addition, the Marginal Field Tax Incentive (MFTI) provides accelerated capital allowances for expenditure incurred from years 2010 to 2024 and reduces the effective tax rate from 38% to 25% for qualifying fields. Revenues from third parties and profits for the year were higher due to the increase in the oil price, increase in volumes demand and higher demand for LNG. Our Payments to Governments Report for 2021 shows that Shell paid around $3 billion in production entitlements, royalties, bonuses and fees.

Payments for bonuses usually paid upon signing an agreement or a contract, or when a commercial discovery is declared, or production has commenced or production has reached a milestone.
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Corporate income tax
This is a direct tax imposed on companies’ profits. It is sometimes levied at a national level but can also be levied on a state or local basis.
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Throughout this report, “country” is used as the primary descriptor for a geographical area because that is the word used by the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project in their proposal for country-by-country reporting (CbCR). This is one of the four minimum reporting standards to which over 100 countries have committed, covering the tax residence jurisdictions of nearly all large multinational enterprises (MNEs). In this report “country” may also refer to locations, jurisdictions or territories which have their own tax regimes or discrete rules.
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Effective tax rate (ETR)
This is the ratio of tax compared with the profits in the financial statements. See Businesses and tax for an illustration.
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Fees and other sums paid as consideration for acquiring a licence for gaining access to an area where extractive activities are performed. Administrative government fees that are not specifically related to the extractive sector, or to access to extractive resources, are excluded. Also excluded are payments made in return for services provided by a government.
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Production-sharing contracts or concessions
A production-sharing contract (PSC) is a contractual arrangement between the holders of a resource, typically a country’s government, and a resource extraction company concerning how much oil or gas each party would receive. The company bears the mineral and financial risk of the initiative. It explores, develops and, if successful, manages production. Costs are recovered through the sales of oil or gas and what is left over is split depending on the terms of the contract.
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Royalties are generally payment due for the use of an asset. Mineral royalties are payments to governments or other owners for the rights to extract oil and gas resources, typically at a set percentage of revenue less any deductions that may be taken. See Trademark royalties.
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Tax incentives
There is no common definition of a tax incentive. Shell defines tax incentives as fiscal measures designed by governments to stimulate investment and encourage growth, or a change of behaviour, by providing more favourable tax treatment to some activities or sectors. Incentives can include accelerated tax relief for capital expenditure on infrastructure, exemptions from certain taxes where government economic targets (for example employment targets) are met, or a favourable tax treatment of costs related to research and development activities for certain technologies.
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