Greenhouse gas and energy data

Net Carbon Footprint (NCF)

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

NET CARBON FOOTPRINT [A]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Carbon Footprint

g CO2e/ MJ

75

78

79

79

79

 

 

 

 

Estimated total energy delivered by Shell [B]

trillion (10^12) MJ

18.40

21.05

22.00

21.44

20.93

 

 

 

 

Share of energy delivered per energy product type [C]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil products and GTL

%

47

56

55

54

54

 

 

 

 

Gas

%

21

17

21

23

24

 

 

 

LNG

%

19

18

16

15

14

 

 

 

 

Biofuels

%

1

1

1

1

1

 

 

 

 

Power

%

12

9

7

7

7

 

 

 

 

Total estimated greenhouse gas emissions covered by the Net Carbon Footprint calculation [D]

million tonnes CO2e

1,384

1,646

1,731

1,688

1,645

 

 

 

 

Carbon intensity of energy products type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil products and GTL

g CO2e/MJ

89

89

88

89

89

 

 

 

 

Gas

g CO2e/MJ

67

66

67

67

67

 

 

 

 

LNG

g CO2e/MJ

70

71

71

71

71

 

 

 

 

Biofuels

g CO2e/MJ

38

39

37

39

40

 

 

 

 

Power

g CO2e/MJ

48

57

62

60

59

 

 

 

 

[A]

Retail sales volumes from markets where Shell operates under trademark licensing agreements are excluded from the scope of the Net Carbon Footprint.

[B]

Total volume of energy products sold by Shell, aggregated on an energy basis, with electricity represented as fossil equivalents. This value is derived from energy product sales figures disclosed by Shell in the Annual Report, Form 20-F and the Sustainability Report.

[C]

Percentage of delivered energy may not add up to 100% because of rounding.

[D]

Total CO2e emissions estimated using Shell's Net Carbon Footprint value and the estimate of total delivered energy. Note that this estimated value is calculated from the portfolio average intensity value, which is determined in Shell's Net Carbon Footprint calculation. It is only intended to give an indication of the scope of the emissions included within Shell's Net Carbon Footprint; it does not represent an inventory of emissions. Carbon offsets for 2019 and 2020 were included in the total estimated GHG emissions covered by the Net Carbon Footprint calculation.

Sales of gas and power produced by third parties

 

Unit

2020

2019
[A]

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Gas (tBtu)

 

3,009

2,720

3,246

3,276

3,298

 

 

 

 

Power (TWh)

 

252

207

179

165

169

 

 

 

 

In certain cases, prior to 2019, it was not possible to disaggregate sales of Shell and third-party gas volumes. To avoid double counting these sales volumes were not included in the above figures.

[A]

From 2019, gas and power sales volumes are reported based on a revised methodology. Sales volumes reported exclude those related to pure trading activities.

Scope 1 GHG emissions (operational control)

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1) [A] [B] [C] [D]

million tonnes CO2e

63

70

71

73

72

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

million tonnes

61

67

69

70

68

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Methane (CH4)

thousand tonnes

67

91

92

123

138

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

thousand tonnes

1

1

1

1

1

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)

tonnes

30

29

31

22

22

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)

tonnes

0

0

0

0

2

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Perfluorocarbons (PFC)

tonnes

0

0

0

0

0

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)

tonnes

0

0

0

0

0

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Scope 1 emissions by business

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upstream

million tonnes CO2e

12.8

12.9

14.8

19.6

19.0

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Integrated Gas

million tonnes CO2e

14.1

16.3

13.0

12.0

13.7

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Downstream

million tonnes CO2e

35.7

40.3

42.7

41.1

38.8

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Other

million tonnes CO2e

0.2

0.2

0.8

0.2

0.1

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Scope 1 emissions by country

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

million tonnes CO2e

16

19

20

18

16

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Middle East

million tonnes CO2e

9

9

9

11

12

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Netherlands

million tonnes CO2e

7

7

7

7

7

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Singapore

million tonnes CO2e

6

6

7

7

5

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Canada

million tonnes CO2e

5

6

6

7

8

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Nigeria

million tonnes CO2e

5

4

4

5

4

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Australia

million tonnes CO2e

4

6

4

3

3

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Germany

million tonnes CO2e

3

3

4

4

4

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Malaysia

million tonnes CO2e

3

2

3

3

4

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

United Kingdom

million tonnes CO2e

2

2

2

3

3

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

International waters

million tonnes CO2e

1

2

2

1

1

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Rest of the world

million tonnes CO2e

3

3

5

5

6

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Scope 1 emissions by source

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissions

million tonnes

61

67

69

70

68

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Combustion

million tonnes

50

53

54

53

53

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Flaring

million tonnes

4

7

6

9

8

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Venting and process

million tonnes

6

8

9

8

7

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Fugitives

million tonnes

0

0

0

0

0

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

CH4 emissions

thousand tonnes

67

91

92

123

138

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Combustion

thousand tonnes

11

13

13

12

10

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Flaring

thousand tonnes

15

19

18

27

23

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Venting and process

thousand tonnes

29

44

45

62

72

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Fugitives

thousand tonnes

12

15

16

23

32

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Other greenhouse gases

million tonnes CO2e

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Methane (CH4) emissions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Methane emissions in CO2 equivalent [E]

million tonnes CO2e

1.7

2.3

2.3

3.1

3.5

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Methane emissions intensity - assets with marketed gas

%

0.06

0.08

0.08

 

 

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Methane emissions intensity - assets without marketed gas

%

0.01

0.01

0.01

 

 

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Upstream flaring [F]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GHG emissions from flaring

million tonnes CO2e

3.8

5.9

5.2

8.2

7.6

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Total hydrocarbons flared

million tonnes

1.1

1.8

1.5

2.5

2.3

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Nigeria

million tonnes

0.6

0.7

0.6

0.8

0.5

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

Rest of the world 

million tonnes

0.5

1.2

1.0

1.7

1.8

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

GHG emissions from exported energy [G]

million tonnes CO2e

3

3

3

3

3

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.2

305-1

[A]

Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) comprise carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride and nitrogen trifluoride. The data are calculated using locally regulated methods where they exist. Where there is no locally regulated method, the data are calculated using the 2009 API Compendium, which is the recognised industry standard under the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. There are inherent limitations to the accuracy of such data. Oil and gas industry guidelines (IPIECA/API/IOGP) indicate that several sources of uncertainty can contribute to the overall uncertainty of a corporate emissions inventory. We have estimated the overall uncertainty for our direct GHG emissions to be around 2%.

[B]

GHG emissions are calculated using Global Warming Potential factors from the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report. For comparison, our Scope 1 emissions would have been 63 million tonnes in 2020 if we were to use Global Warming Potentials from the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report.

[C]

We have updated some of our historical figures following a review of the data.

[D]

GHG emissions in this table do not include carbon offsets.

[E]

Methane emissions were converted to CO2 equivalents using global warming potentials (GWP) from the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report. For comparison, our methane emissions would have been 1.9 million tonnes in CO2 equivalents in 2020 if we were to use global warming potentials from the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report.

[F]

Includes Upstream and Integrated Gas businesses.

[G]

GHG emissions related to energy production (in the form of electricity, heat or steam) that was exported to another facility or public grid. This is a subset of our Scope 1 GHG emissions.

Scope 2 GHG emissions (operational control)

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Scope 2 emissions - market-based method

million tonnes CO2e

9

10

11

12

11

 

CCE-4

305-2

Scope 2 emissions - location-based method

million tonnes CO2e

11

11

11

11

11

 

CCE-4

305-2

Scope 2 emissions by business (market-based method)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upstream

million tonnes CO2e

0.6

1.1

1.4

1.4

1.4

 

CCE-4

305-2

Integrated Gas

million tonnes CO2e

1.5

1.6

2.4

2.4

2.0

 

CCE-4

305-2

Downstream

million tonnes CO2e

7.0

7.3

6.8

7.5

7.5

 

CCE-4

305-2

Other

million tonnes CO2e

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

 

CCE-4

305-2

Scope 2 emissions by country (market-based method)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

million tonnes CO2e

3.1

3.1

3.2

3.1

2.7

 

CCE-4

305-2

Netherlands

million tonnes CO2e

1.8

2.1

1.8

1.9

1.8

 

CCE-4

305-2

Canada

million tonnes CO2e

1.8

2.3

2.0

2.7

3.2

 

CCE-4

305-2

Australia

million tonnes CO2e

1.4

1.6

2.4

2.3

1.9

 

CCE-4

305-2

Singapore

million tonnes CO2e

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.6

 

CCE-4

305-2

Germany

million tonnes CO2e

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.7

0.6

 

CCE-4

305-2

Rest of the world

million tonnes CO2e

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.5

 

CCE-4

305-2

Scope 2 emissions by business (location-based method)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upstream

million tonnes CO2e

0.6

1.1

1.2

1.4

1.4

 

CCE-4

305-2

Integrated Gas

million tonnes CO2e

2.6

2.7

2.4

2.3

2.0

 

CCE-4

305-2

Downstream

million tonnes CO2e

7.2

7.5

6.8

7.4

7.3

 

CCE-4

305-2

Other

million tonnes CO2e

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

 

CCE-4

305-2

Scope 2 emissions by country (location-based method)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA

million tonnes CO2e

3.1

3.4

3.4

3.1

2.7

 

CCE-4

305-2

Netherlands

million tonnes CO2e

1.8

2.0

1.7

1.9

1.8

 

CCE-4

305-2

Canada

million tonnes CO2e

1.9

2.3

2.0

2.7

3.2

 

CCE-4

305-2

Australia

million tonnes CO2e

2.6

2.6

2.4

2.3

1.9

 

CCE-4

305-2

Singapore

million tonnes CO2e

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.6

 

CCE-4

305-2

Germany

million tonnes CO2e

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.3

 

CCE-4

305-2

Rest of the world

million tonnes CO2e

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.3

0.5

 

CCE-4

305-2

GHG intensities (operational control)

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Upstream and Integrated Gas GHG intensity [A]

tonne CO2e/tonne production

0.159

0.168

0.158

0.166

0.166

 

CCE-4

305-4

Upstream and Integrated Gas GHG intensity [B]

kg CO2e/boe

21

22

21

22

23

 

CCE-4

305-4

Refinery GHG intensity [C]

tonne CO2e/UEDCTM

1.05

1.06

1.05

1.14

1.18

 

CCE-4

305-4

Chemical GHG intensity [D]

tonne CO2e/tonne production

0.98

1.04

0.96

0.95

0.99

 

CCE-4

305-4

[A]

In tonnes of Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions per tonne of oil and gas available for sale, liquefied natural gas and gas-to-liquids production in Integrated Gas and Upstream.

[B]

In kilograms of Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions per boe of oil and gas available for sale, liquefied natural gas and gas-to-liquids production in Integrated Gas and Upstream.

[C]

UEDCTM (Utilised Equivalent Distillation Capacity) is a proprietary metric of Solomon Associates. It is a complexity-weighted normalisation parameter that reflects the operating cost intensity of a refinery based on size and configuration of its particular mix of process and non-process facilities.

[D]

High-value chemicals include olefin products (ethylene and propylene) plus the contained butadiene, benzene, acetylene, and high-purity hydrogen production.

Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions (equity boundary)

 

Unit

2020 [A]

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1)

million tonnes CO2e

 

105

102

97

100

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Upstream

million tonnes CO2e

 

21.7

22.2

25.4

25.1

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Integrated Gas

million tonnes CO2e

 

25.9

25.2

24.1

24.6

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Downstream

million tonnes CO2e

 

57.3

53.8

47.1

47.8

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Other

million tonnes CO2e

 

0.2

0.8

0.3

2.4

 

CCE-4

EM-EP-110a.1

305-1

Scope 2 emissions (market-based method)

 

 

11

11

13

13

 

CCE-4

305-2

Upstream

million tonnes CO2e

 

1.2

1.3

1.3

1.5

 

CCE-4

305-2

Integrated Gas

million tonnes CO2e

 

1.1

1.8

2.0

1.6

 

CCE-4

305-2

Downstream

million tonnes CO2e

 

8.0

7.7

9.2

8.4

 

CCE-4

305-2

Other

million tonnes CO2e

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

1.3

 

CCE-4

305-2

Scope 2 emissions (location-based method)

 

 

12

11

13

n/c

 

 

 

 

Upstream

million tonnes CO2e

 

1.2

1.2

1.3

n/c

 

CCE-4

305-2

Integrated Gas

million tonnes CO2e

 

1.8

1.8

2.0

n/c

 

CCE-4

305-2

Downstream

million tonnes CO2e

 

8.3

7.6

9.5

n/c

 

CCE-4

305-2

Other

million tonnes CO2e

 

0.2

0.3

0.2

n/c

 

CCE-4

305-2

n/c - not collected

[A]

2020 data will be available in June 2021.

Scope 3 GHG emissions

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Purchased goods and services (Category 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third-party products [C]

million tonnes CO2e

147

178

190

186

172

 

CCE-4

305-3

Fuel and energy-related activities (not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2) (Category 3)

million tonnes CO2e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third-party power [D]

million tonnes CO2e

103

102

96

87

89

 

CCE-4

305-3

Use of sold products (Category 11) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use of sold products [E] [F]

million tonnes CO2e

1,054

1,271

1,351

1,318

1,284

 

CCE-4

305-3

Own production [G]

million tonnes CO2e

452

564

594

582

593

 

CCE-4

305-3

Third-party products [H]

million tonnes CO2e

602

708

757

736

681

 

CCE-4

305-3

[A]

The values in this table reflect estimated Scope 3 emissions included in our Net Carbon Footprint. Emissions from retail sales volumes from markets where Shell operates under trademark licensing agreements are excluded.

[B]

Estimated emissions from other Scope 3 categories are published on www.shell.com/ghg. 2020 data will be available in June 2021.

[C]

This category includes estimated well-to-tank emissions from purchased third-party refined oil products, natural gas, LNG, crude oil and biofuels.

[D]

This category includes estimated well-to-tank emissions from generation of purchased power included in our Net Carbon Footprint.

[E]

This category reflects estimated emissions from use-phase of our products.

[F]

This category includes estimated emissions from sales volumes of oil products, natural gas, LNG, GTL and biofuels.

[G]

This category includes estimated emissions from our refinery production, natural gas, LNG and GTL products.

[H]

Estimated as the difference between own production and total sold products.

Other greenhouse gas data (operational control)

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Carbon capture and storage and CO2 transfer out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 captured and stored

million tonnes

0.94

1.13

1.07

1.14

1.11

 

CCE-3

EM-EP-530a.1

305-5

CO2 transferred out [A]

million tonnes

0.30

0.43

0.46

0.45

0.58

 

CCE-3

EM-EP-530a.1

305-5

[A]

CO2 captured and transferred to another organisation (for example, sold or given for free) as product or feedstock. It is not included in our Scope 1 emissions.

Carbon offsets

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Total carbon offsets retired

million tonnes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Included in Net Carbon Footprint

million tonnes

3.9

2.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

EM-EP-530a.1

305-5

Other carbon offsets

million tonnes

0.4

0.5

n/c

n/c

n/c

 

EM-EP-530a.1

305-5

n/c - not collected

Energy use (operational control)

 

Unit

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

 

IPIECA

SASB

GRI

Total energy use

million MWh

240

264

268

269

266

 

CCE-6

302-1

Own energy generated

million MWh

219

236

240

241

238

 

CCE-6

302-1

Imported electricity

million MWh

22

27

26

26

23

 

CCE-6

302-1

Imported steam and heat

million MWh

17

17

15

17

20

 

CCE-6

302-1

Exported electricity

million MWh

12

10

10

10

8

 

CCE-6

302-1

Exported steam and heat

million MWh

5

6

3

5

7

 

CCE-6

302-1

Consumption of energy from renewable sources

million MWh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renewable sources - onsite energy generation consumed

million MWh

0.01

n/c

n/c

n/c

n/c

 

CCE-6

302-1

Renewable sources - purchased electricity

million MWh

1.8

1.5

0.03

0.03

0.03

 

CCE-6

302-1

Renewable sources - purchased steam

million MWh

0.0

n/c

n/c

n/c

n/c

 

CCE-6

302-1

Renewable sources - electricity exported to grid

million MWh

0.4

0.4

n/c

n/c

n/c

 

CCE-6

302-1

Energy intensity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upstream excl. oil sands, LNG and GTL

GJ/ tonne production

1.14

1.07

1.06

1.05

1.02

 

CCE-6

302-1

Refineries: Refinery Energy Index [A]

Index

96.1

94.4

94.3

94.8

95.4

 

CCE-6

302-1

Chemical plants: chemicals energy intensity

GJ/ tonne production

18.7

19.7

18.3

17.6

18.9

 

CCE-6

302-1

n/c - not collected

[A]

Data are indexed to 2002, based on Solomon Associates Energy Intensity Index methodology.